The project aims to respond to the objectives of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, corresponding to the strategy mentioned in the First National Communication of Armenia. The project is a follow-up of previous climate change activities performed under the First National Communication, capacity building in priority areas and self-assessment exercise. The main components of the project are:
(a) preparation of the Second National Communication (SNC) of Armenia and its submission to the Conference of Parties in accordance with Article 12 of the UN Framework Convention of Climate Change, which will consist of: (i) description of national circumstances; (ii) national greenhouse gas inventory; (iii) assessment of vulnerability and measures to facilitate adaptation to climate change; (iv) update of potential measures to mitigate climate change in Armenia; (v) capacity building to develop, transfer, assess environmentally sound technologies and know-how, modalities to absorb them and host projects; (vi) update of information on climate change research and systematic observation;
(b) enhancing general awareness and knowledge on climate change related issues in Armenia;
(c) identification and formulation of projects related to adaptation to the impacts of climate change and abatement of greenhouse gases emissions;
(d) strengthening the national capacities to participate in different mechanisms aimed at fulfillment of commitments under the UNFCCC.
More information on the project can be obtained from the current website (www.nature-ic.am) which also serves as a SNC project website.
This Project's objective is to develop a Full-Sized project (FSP) document for a UNDP/GEF project in Climate Change focal area; the Full-Sized project's objective is to reduce GHG emissions and energy consumption in Armenian building sector. Within this PPG project, the following activities will be implemented: (1) baseline data collection and information gap analysis, (2) building institutional structures and capacities for the enforcement of new codes and standards, (3) stakeholder analysis and participation plan elaboration, (4) scoping of demonstration project, (5) defining of the FSP framework and development of FSP strategy. UNDP Armenia will lead the project development process and manage the PPG budget in close cooperation with National Partners: Ministry of Nature Protection and Ministry of Urban Development. Quality assurance and technical advice will be provided by the UNDP/GEF Regional Unit (Bratislava). PPG phase will identify the best fitted project implementation arrangement based on consultations with key stakeholders. As the project idea has also emerged from the Second National Communication and "Armenia - Improving the Energy Efficiency of Municipal Heating and Hot Water Supply" UNDP/GEF/00035799 implementation process the PPG will closely link up and utilize already existing networks of stakeholders.
Workshop-Consultation with Stakeholder Parties (06/11/2009)
|CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACT ASSESSMENT (2008-2009) UNDP|
The purpose of the project would be to provide evidence and analysis on the economics of climate change that is specific to Armenia. The project aims to provide economic analysis for decision-makers that need to manage the impacts of climate change by minimizing negative impacts and maximizing any beneficial opportunities. Therefore, the project aims to provide policy recommendations for the Armenian government for implementation of adaptation measures that will benefit the Human Development of the country.
The introductory part of the study may provide and relate Stern Review assumptions to well-known/accepted country data and projections on economic growth and in key sectors of nature protection (e.g. deforestation) over the coming decades.
The main study could then be split into two sections: (i) costs of climate change and adaptation that would use existing and develop new analysis to provide in-depth insight on impacts and costs of climate change in Armenia, and (ii) policy recommendations that would root in the analysis completed in the first section and provide recommendations on the development choices relevant to Armenia’s development objectives.
Summary of CC Impact Assessment in Shirak marz (pdf)
Full version available in Armenian language only.
|ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS IN MOUNTAIN FOREST ECOSYSTEMS OF ARMENIA (2008) UNDP/GEF|
The project aims to enhance national capacities to adapt to anticipated climate change impacts in the affected south-eastern forests of Armenia. The project will help to achieve a full-fledged mainstreaming of adaptation into the forest management and conservation framework whereby climate change impacts on forest ecosystems will be incorporated into the forest management policies and measures. The project will reduce vulnerability and increase adaptative capacity to cope with the adverse impact of climate change in valuable mountain forest ecosystems in Armenia. The project also aims to reduce the risk of global biodiversity loss and to enhance protection of mountain forest ecosystems and their sustainable use in the context of anticipated climate change over the next 25- to 50-year timeframe. In addition to global benefits, the project will also generate national benefits by enhancing national capacity for planned adaptation.
The project components include:
(i) policy support to mainstream adaptation into the forest management plans and policies, including national policies and legislation on forest management sensitized to climate change impacts;
(ii) capacity development for systematic adaptation, including institutional and individual capacities built to sustainably address adaptation needs;
(iii) adaptation practice established as a pilot basis for further repletion, including measures aimed at increasing the resilience and adaptability of forest ecosystems developed and implemented.
|IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ARTICLE 6 OF THE UN FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE IN ARMENIA (2006-2007)
The objective of the project was rising of education, training and public awareness on climate change on all levels: policy makers, regional and local administrations, educators, scientific community, media and general public are considered as important capacity building tools in the Republic. Within this framework the project aims to:
a) Promote and facilitate at the national and, as appropriate, subregional and regional levels, and in accordance with national laws and regulations, and within their respective capacities:
(i) the development and implementation of educational and public awareness programmes on climate change and its effects;
(ii) public access to information on climate change and its effects;
(iii) public participation in addressing climate change and its effects and developing adequate responses; and
(iv) training of scientific, technical and managerial personnel.
b) Cooperate in and promote, at the international level, and where appropriate, using existing bodies:
(i) the development and exchange of educational and public awareness material on climate change and its effects; and
(ii) the development and implementation of education and training programmes, including the strengthening of national institutions and the exchange or secondment of personnel to train experts in this field.
The project outcomes include: (i) organization of 6 workshops (in Ijevan, Gavar, Ejmiatsin, Ashtarak, Kapan and Yerevan) aiming at raising awareness on climate change issues, by highlighting the link between climate change and vulnerable sectors of economy, particularly agriculture; (ii) compilation and publication of brochures and posters on climate change issues; (iii) making reportage concerning climate change and its effects within "Environmental diary" TV program on "Kentron" TV channel; (IV) creation of fifteen-minute cognitive film on "Possible consequences of climate change in Armenia".
Beginners Guide on Climate Change (Armenian_1773KB.pdf)
Textbook on Climate Change (Armenian_1003KB.pdf)
Brochure on Climate Change (Armenian_120KB.pdf)
Results of Sociological Survey (English_145KB.pdf)
|EVALUATE FEASIBILITY OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND GHG REDUCTION POTENTIAL FROM TRANSPORT SECTOR FOR DRAFTING PROPOSAL FOR THE GEF (2006)
The project objective was to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from transport sector in frames of"Sustainable Transport" idea.
The Immediate objectives of the project was evaluation of energy efficiency and GHG emissions reduction potential from transport sector. Within this framework the project aimed to: (i) study the peculiarities and development trends of transport systems in Armenia; (ii) analyze the possibilities for improvement of transportation means, vehicle transition to the environmentally friendly fuel usage and reduction of hazardous emissions of vehicles; (iii) present technical-economical and environmental indexes related to reduction of GHG from transport sector; (iv) develop PDF A project proposal on "Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Transport Sector" to be submitted to the GEF.
The project outcomes include: (i) assessment of the transport sector energy efficiency potential; and (ii) development of Project Identification Form (PIF) for UNDP/GEF.
|STOCKTAKING EXERCISE FOR PREPARATION OF THE PROPOSAL FOR SECOND NATIONAL COMMUNICATION (2005)
The overall objective of this self-assessment exercise was to undertake highly consultative and participatory process in Armenia in coherence with the country's sustainable development concept and new emerging national strategies. This exercise was the first and critical step in the design of proposal for the SNC.
Related objectives of this self-assessment carried out through stocktaking and stakeholder consultations would be the identification of gaps, uncertainties and needs in new areas of work to be undertaken under the SNC. This was to help to ensure that the SNC is built upon existing previous activities, studies, experiences, institutional settings and knowledge. This exercise would also help Armenia to assess existing institutional and human capacities relevant to the preparation of its national communications.
The project outcomes include: (i) development of stocktaking report, and (ii) SNC proposal submitted to UNDP.
|TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TO ARMENIA, AZERBAIJAN, GEORGIA AND MOLDOVA WITH RESPECT TO THEIR GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE COMMITMENTS (2004-2006)
The overall objective of the project is to assist Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Moldova in building institutional and technical capacity for participation to the UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol. The regional project assumes the following:
a) capacity building for hosting CDM projects in the beneficiary countries, including assistance in forming the institutional infrastructure required to support CDM projects and development of a portfolio of CDM projects, which fits into the sustainable development strategy of the beneficiary country;
b) awareness raising among key policy-makers, the business community and the general public on the issues related to the UNFCCC and the Kyoto protocol, and on the development opportunities and issues with respect to CDM and GHG mitigation;
c) local capacity development in GHG emission forecast modeling and assessment of sectoral GHG mitigation potentials and options;
d) assistance to the beneficiary countries in developing their national climate change strategies, including mitigation and adaptation measures.
The project outcomes include: (i) organization of a series of local and international awareness raising seminars on Kyoto Protocol and CDM for representatives of key ministries, project partners, private companies and NGOs; (ii) development and update of the CDM project pipeline; (iii) development of CDM manual for Armenia; (iv) development and maintenance of the project website (www.cdm.nature-ic.am), which serves as a channel for dissemination of project materials and CDM related information; (v) development of a draft procedure of CDM project submission and approval; (vi) development of baseline study for grid-connected small renewable projects and three CDM project design documents.
Since the starting of Project in April 2004, the Project Armenian office was in close cooperation with RA Ministry of Nature Protection of Armenia (CDM DNA). In particular, the project office provided support to the DNA in CDM projects evaluation and approval process, maintaining administrative functions, as well as organizing joint meeting with project participants and stakeholders.
|ARMENIA. NATIONAL CAPACITY SELF-ASSESSMENT (NCSA) FOR GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT (2003-2004)
The project objective is to determine the priority needs and a plan of actions for developing Armenia's capacity to meet its commitments under global environmental management. The project is focused on capacity-related issues common across the conventions and aims to assess the capacities for addressing those issues in synergy, including needs associated with strengthening the existing institutional mechanisms and developing networks.
The project outcomes include: (i) needs assessment report; (ii) 4-year action plan for implementation of measures in cross-cutting areas between UNFCCC, CBD and CCD adopted by Governmental Decree; (iii) pipeline of projects developed; and (iv) trained pull of national experts.
For more information visit project website at: http://www.ncsa.nature-ic.am/
|CAPACITY BUILDING FOR IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF GREENHOUSE GAS (GHG) INVENTORIES (EAST EUROPE AND CIS) (2003-2006) UNDP/GEF/RER/01/G31|
The project has initiated a regional programmatic approach towards building capacity to improve the quality of data to be included in national greenhouse gas inventories, using the good practice guidance of the Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change. The project built on the expertise gained during the preparation of the initial national communications. By strengthening institutional capacity to prepare inventories and establishing a trained, sustainable inventory team, the project contributed to the ability of countries to reduce uncertainties and improve the quality of inventories for subsequent national communications.
The project included common activities for all participating countries to be carried out under a regional umbrella, whilst at the same time countries could choose the remaining activities to carry out, based on national priorities. The approach is built on the concept of key sources of emissions, and this enables to replicate the approach for use in other regions with only minor modifications.
The project outcomes include: (i) strengthened and trained inventory team to ensure minimization of uncertainties and improve the quality of inventories for subsequent Second National Communication; and (ii) manual for GHG Inventory Development in Armenia. Participating countries are: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Croatia, Georgia, Macedonia, Moldova, Mongolia, Slovenia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. The executing agency is UNOPS.
For more information visit:
|CAPACITY BUILDING FOR TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AND CDM (2003-2005)
The project was designed to create a national Climate Technology Transfer Centre in line with the commitments of the country to UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. The Climate Technology Transfer Center was to undertake activities aimed to promote climate technology transfer, as well as support the process in identification, development and approval of CDM projects.
At the preparatory phase of the project the Climate Technology Transfer Centre was to be established and equipped with essential technical and communication facilities. The Centre's Strategy with its modus operandi and institutional framework for the operation of the Centre had to be developed.
At the second phase the project had to be focused on creating national capacities for climate technology transfer and CDM in Armenia. In particular, the project was to be focused on the capacity building in different sectors for identification and development of several potential CDM project proposals, through information dissemination, training, creating enabling environment for private sector, including regulatory framework and procedure for approval of CDM projects.
The project outcomes include: (i) technology transfer center established as PPP; and (ii) project proposal for CDM capacity building, based on needs assessment.
|TECHNOLOGY NEEDS ASSESSMENT IN PRIORITY AREAS (2001-2003)
During preparation of the First National Communication a number of problems regarding methodology and technology needs were identified. The framework of the Phase I project did not provide activities for the identification of technologies for abatement of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as well as technologies for adaptation to climate change and abatement of its consequences.
The overall goal of the Phase II Enabling Activity Project is to strengthen and maintain the in-country capacity for realization of these technologies and further development of enabling activities to: (i) create and strengthen capacities for transferring and introduction of technologies and know-how aiming at reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and /or carbon sequestration, as well as technologies and measures aimed at adaptation to possible climate change; (ii) create conditions for further studies and systematic observations addressed to climate change studies and its impact on different sectors of economy, health and the environment; (iii) create condition for improvement of emission factors; (iv) enhance public awareness and involve the stakeholders in climate change related issues; (v) improve inter-agency coordination and take into account climate change factors in planned activities.
The project outcomes include: assessment of national needs for GHG abatement and adaptation technologies, prioritization of key technologies for mitigation and adaptation, pipelines of project proposals, addressing each of the selected technology options, and strengthened coordination between different ministries and the private sector.
|REMOVING BARRIERS TO ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN MUNICIPAL HEAT AND HOT WATER SUPPLY (1999-2002)
The project served to respond to the objectives of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and was a logical continuation of the "Armenia - Country Study on Climate Change" UNDP/GEF project. The objective was to remove barriers to, and to leverage additional financial resources for improving the energy efficiency of municipal heat and hot water supply in Armenia, thereby lowering the overall fossil fuel consumption and the associated greenhouse gas emissions.
The initial focus of the project was on the municipal heat and hot water supply in Yerevan, after which the results could be further disseminated and the activities replicated in other major cities of Armenia. That goal is to be achieved through: (i) building institutional capacity for planning, initiation, implementation, and evaluation of different strategies and available energy efficiency measures and technologies; (ii) reducing the uncertainties and the risk of the potential investors regarding the costs, technical issues, and implementation procedures; (iii) demonstration of the technical, economic and financial feasibility of selected energy efficiency measures and technologies; (iv) disseminating the information and project experience throughout the country and among the potential sources of follow-up financing of the project.
|ARMENIA - COUNTRY STUDY ON CLIMATE CHANGE (1995-1999)
The project aimed to build capacity in Armenia to fulfil the country's commitments to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and to respond to the objectives of the Convention on a continuous basis. The project was funded by GEF and implemented by UNDP. The elements of the project include:
(a) preparation of the first National Communication of Armenia to the Conference of Parties in accordance with Article 12 of the UNFCC. The Communication consists of the 1990 inventory of greenhouse gases made in accordance with the IPCC guidelines, information on calculation of emission trends, general description of available or envisaged mitigation and adaptation options, and assessment of Armenia's vulnerability to climate change;
(b) enhancement of general awareness and knowledge among the Government planners on climate change related issues, and subsequent incorporation of such issues into general development plans of various sectors;
(c) development of an institutional mechanism/framework to strengthen the dialogue, information exchange and cooperation among Governmental authorities, NGOs, academic, private and grassroots sectors;
(d) identification of projects related to climate change and mitigation of greenhouse gases. The project brief was approved by the GEF Council Meeting in May 1995.
The project outcomes include: i) First National Communication including the 1990 inventory of greenhouse gases (GHG), projection of GHG emissions till 2010, climate change forecast scenarios for Armenia, and possible impacts of these changes on the country's economy, water resources, ecosystems and health of population; ii) strengthened national capacity - establishment of the Climate Change Informational Center along with its web site (http://www.nature-ic.am) in the Ministry of Nature Protection; iii) pull of trained experts; iv) four-year action plan aimed at implementation of provisions of the UNFCCC adopted by the Governmental Decree #115.
|Government Building #3, room # 533
Republic Square, Yerevan 0010
Republic of Armenia
Tel: +374 (10) 583920, 583932
Fax: +374 (10) 583933