In accordance with Article 13 of the Kyoto Protocol, the COP/MOP, will meet in conjunction with the COP. The first session of the COP/MOP was held in Montreal at the same time as COP 11, in 2005.
Parties to the Convention, that are not Parties to the Protocol participate in the COP/MOP as observers, without the right to take part in decision-making (Kyoto Protocol Article 13.2). The functions of the COP/MOP for the Protocol are similar to those carried out by the COP for the Convention. At COP/MOP 1, one of the main outcomes was decision 1/CMP.1 "Consideration of commitments for subsequent periods for Annex I Parties to the Convention under Article 3.9 of the Kyoto Protocol", whereby Parties decided to initiate a process to consider further commitments by Annex I Parties for the period beyond 2012. It established an open-ended ad hoc working group of Parties to the Kyoto Protocol to conduct that process and report on it to each session of the COP/MOP.
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