The Sustainable Development Program (SDP) was adopted by the Government of Armenia on October 30, 2008, Decree #1207-N. The strategy of SDP is composed of three main priority directions in order to ensure sustainable and rapid economic growth, implement the targeted social and income policies aimed at the active and vulnerable (including the poor) social groups, and modernize the country's administration system, including the increase of the efficiency of the public governance and provision of the advanced growth of the resources package at the disposal of the country. At the same time the mentioned priorities will be brought about in parallel with measures aimed to tackle such crucial issues as environmental protection and effective management of natural resources.
The air pollution reduction of hazardous emissions from motor vehicles is typical to big cities and is one of the most complicated problems worldwide. Over-normative air pollution from one hand and high percentage of motor vehicle emissions in it from another hand set conditions for complexity. The purpose of this Concept is to reveal issues of the hazardous emission reduction from the motor vehicles and to draw attention of relevant agencies to the necessity of the solution finding. While developing strategies and action plans for other relevant areas the problems mentioned in the Concept should be taken into consideration.
The corresponding Action Plan aimed at setting up a base for solution of issues mentioned in the Concept.
The Second National Environmental Action Programme (NEAP-2) of the Republic of Armenia was developed in 2006-2007 by Ministry of Nature Protection of Armenia with support of the UNDP CO Armenia. The Government of Armenia initiated and launched preparation of the NEAP-2 being based on implementation assessment of the first NEAP (1998). The Ministry of Nature Protection, after formal consultation with stakeholder ministries revised the draft NEAP-2 in 2008. The Government of Armenia approved the NEAP-2 on August 14th, 2008.
The NEAP-2 is a new generation environmental strategic action programme. The approved programme covers both environmental media (land, bioresources, water, air, underground resources, hazardous waste and substances) and cross-media issues (environmental economics, environmental legislation, institutional issues, environmental monitoring, environmental compliance and enforcement, environmental impacts assessment, international cooperation, environmental education, public awareness, environmental research and development). It also refers to cross-sectoral issues in the energy, industry, transport, agriculture, and health sectors. The NEAP-2 is an environmental strategic document with analysis of the state of environment since 1998 and respective action programme designed for the period of 2008-2012. It is envisaged that the Government of Armenia (Ministry of Nature Protection and stakeholder ministries) will handle implementation of the NEAP-2. Concurrently, support from international organizations and donor countries is still important for obtaining tangible effects from implementation of the action programme.
Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper of the Republic of Armenia
The Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper has been developed with the support of scientists, experts, public and political figures and all those who are interested in eradication of poverty in Armenia. The PRSP development process is not similar to any other program developed previously, since it includes the participatory approach as one of its most important components. This is one of the most important guarantees for the successful implementation of the PRSP.
The development of PRSP was initiated on 15 May 2000 by Decision No. 267 of the Prime Minister. Based on the Decision a Steering Committee (SC) was founded, headed by the Finance and Economy Minister and consisting of representatives from line ministries dealing with social and poverty issues, standing committees of the Armenian National Assembly, National Statistical Service, political parties, NGOs and the donor community. The main responsibility of the PRSP SC was to organize and to coordinate the development of the Interim and later of the full-fledged PRSP.
The level of participation of the Government in the agricultural sector was greatly reduced by the liberalization of the economy, privatization of land and other productive means, servicing infrastructures, sales and processing organizations. Based on the peculiarities of the country and taking into consideration the problems of food security an important role is given to the state assistance to the agricultural sector during the transition period. The implementation of the strategy will be supported by the Government in the following areas: formation of the regulatory framework in agro-food sector, provision of agricultural entities with favorable conditions for smooth operation and investments, development of infrastructures and promotion of food safety, etc.
The directions of that policy and related implementation programmes are provided in this strategy document. At the same time the priorities of the agricultural sector are defined, which may serve as guidance for the targeted activities and cooperation for the state governance, local self-governing authorities, donors and entities.
The strategy is consistent with the Government "Poverty Reduction Strategy" programme and ensures continuation of the agrarian reforms in the Republic.
Energy Sector Development Strategies in the Context of Economic Development in Armenia
The primary objective of Armenia's energy sector development strategy is to formulate strategic goals for the development of the energy system in Armenia and identify the avenues to achieve those goals, based on the principles adopted by the international community for sustainable development, particularly in the energy sector, and guided by the directions of economic development in the Republic of Armenia and past energy sector experience.
Armenia must attain further economic development and achieve international competitiveness. Energy (electric energy, thermal energy and natural gas supply service) is critical to industry, transport and general social and economic development in Armenia, as well as for the future implementation of the Poverty Reduction Strategic Program. Expensive and unreliable energy supply will pose a serious hazard for the economy and the improvement of living standards for the population of Armenia.
These Strategies were developed on the basis of the 1992 UN Environment and Development Conference (the Rio Conference or the Planet Earth Summit), Agenda 21 "Global Sustainable Development Action Plan", as well as the 2002 Johannesburg Sustainable Development Summit. The strategies also reflect the commitments stipulated by a number of other environmental conventions ratified by the Republic of Armenia, the target provisions of the Poverty Reduction Program, and the principles of the state policies for the energy sector provided in the Energy Law of the Republic of Armenia.
At the January 18, 2007, session of the Armenian Government, the National Program on Energy Saving and Renewable Energy (ESRE) was approved. The appropriate government stakeholder agencies were assigned a five-month period to develop specific measures for implementation of the program within their respective fields of regulation and to submit those to the Minister of Energy of RA for coordination.
The ESRE National Program was developed with technical assistance from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) within the framework of the Municipal Network for Energy Efficiency (MUNEE) implemented by the Alliance to Save Energy (ASE).
The ESRE National Program development provided an unprecedented cross-sectoral assessment of energy saving and renewable energy potential in the Armenian economy, and recommended actions for cost-effectively utilizing this potential. All large and energy intensive enterprises underwent an in-depth energy examination, end-use consumption data was collected for all 35 economic sectors by all fuel types filling a five-year statistical gap in the Armenian energy balance. This allowed revealing trends, making projections, drawing comparisons with other comparable countries and, most importantly, calculating the nationwide, sector-specific and enterprise-level energy saving potential.
Source: Municipal Network for Energy Efficiency
The main objective of the action plan is to contribute to the formulation of the future energy policy of Armenia and to define concrete steps for its implementation. One of the main aims of the national policy in the energy sector is defined to improve energy efficiency and to further develop the use of renewable energy sources.
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